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Category: General
Posted by: CTushima

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Worldview

Worldview has been defined by different people in different ways. Within the scope of this paper, we are limited and may not discuss this extensively but, we will look at just one such definition. Paul Hiebert defines worldview thus:
The basic assumptions about reality that lie behind the belief and behaviors of culture... It is the foundation upon which people construct their explicit belief and value systems and the social institutions within which they live their daily life.[1]
Man is faced with a world full of a complexity of phenomena with which he has to deal. For him to cope adequately, as he knows best with these complexities, man of necessity has to adopt some givens (presuppositions) about reality and then construct a model (or models) of reality with which to work. The presuppositions, therefore, are the foundations that underline expressed beliefs and behaviors of any given people. It is this superstructure on which culture hangs that which is called ‘worldview’. In this paper we shall be examining the worldview of the Tiv people.

1.2 Tiv

The Tiv are an ethnic group that live today in the Benue trough of central Nigeria. They belong to the Bantoid group of languages. They have a population of about 4 million. A greater percentage of them live in Benue State (where they are the largest tribe), some in Taraba State (where they are the second largest tribe), and others are found in Nassarawa, Adamawa and Cross River States (where they are among the minority tribes of those states.)

The Tiv believe that they came from the east, specifically from the Congo Basin area. They are a homogenous people, speaking one language, having one culture with minor differences evidenced from place to place.

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Posted on: 02/23/08:

Not My Brand of Hope

Category: Politics
Posted by: RBAFounderX
Not My Brand of Hope
By Marc Lamont Hill

From the beginning of his presidential campaign, which unofficially began with the release of his second book The Audacity of Hope, Senator Barack Obama has been positioned as an underdog against the Clinton machine. Now, with polls showing him in a virtual dead heat with Sen. Hillary Clinton, the media has constructed his early success as a David-over-Goliath narrative that proves that ordinary people have the power to slay the beast that is Washington through a radical politics of hope. Unfortunately, the Obama campaign has perverted the concept of hope by wedding it to a dangerous politics of compromise, concession and cunning.

Within the black faith tradition that Obama appeals to, hope is the belief that, in spite of all evidence to the contrary, our circumstances can be transformed into something previously unimaginable. It is this notion of hope—coupled with organized resistance from the people catching the most hell—that led to the end of slavery, Jim Crow, and apartheid. In Obama's corporate-sponsored universe of meaning, however, hope is not the predicate for radical social change, but an empty slogan that allows for a slick repackaging of the status quo.

After Obama's recent success with white voters, particularly his win in Iowa, many have announced America's transition into a post-racial moment. Even Obama himself has claimed that race will no longer prevent the fair-minded citizenry from supporting his bid. In reality, however, an Obama presidency is already being treated as a racial talisman that would instantly heal the scars of a nation wounded by racism.

For whites, an Obama victory would serve as the final piece of evidence that America has reached full racial equality. Such a belief allows them to sidestep mounds of evidence that shows that, despite Obama's claims that "we are 90 percent of the way to equality," black people remain consistently assaulted by the forces by white supremacy. For many black people, Obama's success would provide symbolic value by showing that the black man (not woman!) can make it to the top. Although black faces in high places may provide psychological comfort, they are often incorporated into a Cosbyesque gospel of personal responsibility ("Obama did it, so can you!") that allows dangerous public policies to go unchallenged.


To believe that Obama is a Kucinich leftist rather than a Clinton centrist is to ignore his own expressed positions. To believe that the world will be markedly improved after an Obama presidency is to ignore the structure of corporate-controlled politics. To believe that Obama is prepared to address the fundamental structure of our political system is to ignore his own investment in it. Unfortunately, this is exactly what Barack Obama is asking us to do: vote for him as a change maker against all evidence to the contrary. That sounds more like the hope of audacity than the audacity of hope.
To read the rest of the article, click here.
Category: Culture
Posted by: RBAFounderX
Are Christians making (or even thinking about) hip hop like this? If so, how can I be a part of this kind of project?! More chocolate in Christian hip hop, perhaps?

Category: Black
Posted by: RBAFounderX
John McWhorter gives an interesting (given his past publications) and honest assessment on "blackness." He argues, "Some people are blacker than others."
In the The New York Times last Sunday, Jill Nelson dismissed the idea that black people ever really wondered whether Sen. Barack Obama was "black enough." My memory of how Obama was being discussed a year ago is different from Nelson's. Today, however, black people who question Obama's authenticity are indeed a fringe.

So what's that all about? Well, with Obama, it was whether he was committed to the black community's concerns. He was--as a black community organizer in Chicago. And he is, in his commitment to programs on prisoner re-entry and responsible fatherhood.

However, when the question of whether someone is "really black" comes up outside the realm of politics, we tend to lapse into a kind of doubletalk. One ploy is to swat away the issue of blackness as a real quantity. In that case, "What's that all about?" is not so much a query as a rebuke that the question is inappropriate, illogical, or even underhanded.

When Michelle Obama dismissed the question about her husband as "silliness," that was sensible: Barack Obama has proven that he understands black concerns. Too often, though, we are taught that it is "silly" to address blackness as a gradient at all. But this is evasive. We're tiptoeing around something, and it's black culture. Some people are more rooted in it than others – and there isn't a thing wrong with that.

Some say that blackness is simply a matter of color. By this analysis, anyone who raises the larger questions about black identity is apparently visually impaired. Last year, Gwen Ifill, for example, dismissed the question of whether Obama is black enough because someone who, like her, is a child of immigrant blacks might not be considered "black." But I think we all know it's not that simple. The brown-skinned person implying their skin color renders the whole issue moot is leveling a coded challenge: "Are you saying that all black people talk like rappers and eat fried chicken?"

But this implies that there is no such thing as black culture in a legitimate sense. But there is – and it includes Ebonics and chicken!

What is black culture? Definitions will differ. But we can't treat the definition as so "fluid" that it isn't a definition at all. I will toss out a few parameters of what "black" is:
To read the rest of the article, click here.
Posted on: 02/08/08:

The Root

Category: Misc.
Posted by: RBAFounderX
The Root, a new interactive site launched by Washingtonpost.Newsweek Interactive (WPNI)!
The Root is a daily online magazine that provides thought-provoking commentary on today's news from a variety of black perspectives. The site also hosts an interactive genealogical section to trace one's ancestry through, a DNA testing site co-founded by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., who is also The Root's Editor-In-Chief. The Root aims to be an unprecedented departure from traditional American journalism, raising the profile of black voices in mainstream media and engaging anyone interested in black culture around the world.
Click here to view the introductory video by Dr. Henry Louis Gates.

I hope it will last.
Category: Misc.
Posted by: RBAFounderX

The mission of National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (NBHAAD) is to build the capacity and increase awareness, participation and support for HIV prevention, care and treatment among African Americans. February 7, 2008 marks the eighth year of this annual event.

The primary goal of NBHAAD is to motivate African Americans to get tested and know their HIV status; get educated about the transmission modes of HIV/AIDS; get involved in their local community; and get treated if they are currently living with HIV or are newly diagnosed.

To find out more information about NBHAAD and how you can help out in your community visit: